Approaches Used in Pest Control.
Pest is a worldwide problem affecting human race. Pests refer to insects that destroy crops and other undergrowth or agricultural estate types. Pest control is the regulation of those pests which are destructive to the vegetation, human health and ecosystem and even farm produce. Human health interference is done by some pests which are lice, mice and mosquitoes. Specialists have come up with various methods of pest control due to technology and science innovation. Controlling pests have existed ever since agriculture began. Pest control controls herbivores that compete with humans, and other species of weeds that compete with crops. Pest management involves various steps to control pests. Identification of the type of pest, decision on which method to use and finally use of the method to control the pest are the steps followed.
The use of parasites and predators in water resources, in agriculture farms, structures to control pests safely for instance use of cat to chase and eat rats and mice then this method is known as biological method. Fumigation is a method of pest control which uses a criteria of moving pets from their structures then sealing those structures and induce a concentrated gas like carbon dioxide to destroy the pests. Soil sterilization is effective methods of soil steaming thus pests inhabited in soil are killed by heat and suffocation. Repellents are non-toxic oils obtained from trees, for instance, rat repellent such as Balsam fir oil obtained from the tree for pest control. If some unique plants are planted to repel type of pests in a farm containing particular crops, for example, planting onion in a vegetable land then the method is also a biological method.
Chemical method is a pest control method which uses insecticides, pesticides and herbicides to control pests. When animals are secluded from their structures then their structures get sprayed with insecticides the method is well known as space treatment. Poisoning of rats using bait is known as poisoned bait. Spray method uses handheld sprayers to spray pests or structures contact with pests for illustration mosquitoes, weevils and other crop pests. Spraying cattle to destroy ticks is an example of pesticides sprayed.
Use of chemical is prohibited in traditional method of pest control. Burning of fields is exercises mostly after harvest to destroy the pests hence controlling them. Traps are used largely to trap rats and mice this is also a traditional method. Traps are designed differently to serve different purposes. Destruction of infected plants is a method used sometimes of which the infected trees and plants in the agriculture sectors and forests are destroyed to control the pests.
Pest control is necessary for human health, healthy pets and animals and best farm produce.